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2016年湖南成考专升本英语语法模拟试题和答案

2020-03-27 05:57/湖南成考信息网
2016年湖南成考专升本英语语法模拟试题和答案 语法结构

1.A survey of the opinions of students_______ that they also admit several hours of sittingin front ofthe computer______ harmful for one’s health.

A.show;are B.shows;is C.show;is D.shows;are

2.Tired _________ she was,there was no hope of her being able to sleep.

A.if B.though C.even if D. unless

3.By the time your plane lands tonight,I ____ at the airport for 3 hours.

A.had waited B.have been waited

C.had been waiting D.will have been waiting

4.The activity was delayed,_______was exactly_______we wanted·

A.whicll。what B.which,which

C.that,what D.that,that

5.The room is in a terrible mess;it_________ cleaned.

A.can’t have been B.shouldn’t have been

C.mustn’t have been D.wouldn’t have been

6.________a postgraduate,1 would at least master two foreign language.

A.Was 1 t0 becOme B.Were I to become

C.Had l become D.I should become

7.It is the third time I ________ to the Palace Museum,and I still think it is marvelous.

A.have gone B.go C.have been D.will go

8.He made the proposal that we_______ a role play at the English evening.

A.have B.had C.will have D.have had

9.All ________ you can do to comfort her is to listen to her story patiently.

A.what B.that C.which D.things

10.The manager ______ a rise in salary for ages,but nothing has happened yet.

A.is promised B.is promising C.has been promising D.promised

答案解析:1.【答案解析】B。本题考查主谓一致。本题考查到两处主谓一致的使用,前面空格出的主语的中心词是a survey of,所以其谓语是单数形式;后面空格出的主语是several hours sitting in front of the computer,其谓语动词是单数形式。句意:对学生的一项民意调查表明,这些学生也承认在电脑前一坐几个小时对于其健康是有害的。

2.【答案解析】B。本题考查倒装的让步状语从句的使用方法。形容词,副词,动词原形,不加冠词的单数名词+ asthough+句子其它成分,构成倒装的让步状语从句,其正常语序为’Though she was tired,…。句意:尽管她很累,但是却不能入睡。

3.【答案解析】D。句意:今晚在你的飞机着陆的时候,我将已经在机场等三个小时了。

本题考查将来完成进行时。表示在将来某个时间点之前,已经完成的动作。

4.【答案解析】A。本题考查非限制性定语从句和表语从句。which作为关系代词,引导的非限制性定语从句,其先行词部分为逗号前面的整个主句。what作为关系代词,引导一个表语从句,且在从句中作宾语。句意:活动被推迟了,这正是我们想要的。

5.【答案解析】C。本题考查情态动词完成式表过去推测的用法。must(not)have done表示对过去发生的情况做出的肯定的推测。句意:这个屋子乱成一团糟,它一定没有被打扫过。

6.【答案解析】B。本题考查虚拟语气的倒装和省略用法。此处为虚拟语气用于将来情况的用法。此时if从句用(If I)’were to do sth.或(If I)should do sth.,为了强调可以用其倒装结构,且省略if。倒装省略句为Were I to become或should I do等。句意:如果我要成为一名研究生,至少需要掌握两门外语。

7.【答案解析】C。本题考查It is the(first, second)third time that…结构用法。该结构中that从句要用现在完成时。另外考查have been to和have gone to的区别。句意:这是我第三次到故宫了,我依然认为它可叹为观止。

8.【答案解析】A。本题考查虚拟语气在某些特殊从句中的用法。在表示建议、请求和命令的复合句中,相关从句中常常使用特殊虚拟语气,动词部分形式为should+原形动词或省略should。句意:他提议我们在英语晚会上演一场角色剧。

9.【答案解析】B。本题考查定语从句。先行词为不定代词时,引导词要用“that'’,且在从句中作宾语,可以省略(此时All that you can do…=What you can do…)。句意:你可做的能安慰她的事,就是耐心地听她的故事。

10.【答案解析】C。本题考查现在完成进行时。该时态表示已经做并且截止现在还在完成的事情。句意:经理已许诺涨薪水好长时间了,但至今光打雷不下雨。

语法结构

1.He has so many inventions that he is really______ Edison of ____Japan.

A.an;the B.an; C.the;the D.the;

2.All the things ________, his proposal is of greater value than yours.

A.considered B.considering C.to consider D.consider

3.Even though they _______side by side for twenty years,the two neighbors are not on good terms.

A.have been lived B.had been lived C.had been living D.have been living